The Borgia Family

borgias

After watching The Borgias on Netflix, I became more interested in their history. The Borgias became a powerful family in Italy during the Renaissance. Originally, they were noblemen from Valencia in Spain, where their name was spelled Borja.

Alfonso de Borja (1378-1458) came to Italy in 1443 and became pope as Calixtus III in 1455. He was a good and learned man but showered favors on his nephew Rodrigo Borgia (1431-1503). Rodrigo also entered the church, but nevertheless managed to be the father of at least eight children, although, of course, he never married. He was frivolous, worldly, crafty, and ambitious, and was elected pope in 1492 through the bribes and promises he gave to his rivals. As Alexander VI, he was probably the most unscrupulous pope ever to rule. He, too, did all he could to advance the power and riches of the family, especially those of his son Cesare Borgia and daughter Lucrezia Borgia.

Cesare Borgia (1476-1507) gained an early reputation for cruelty and violence. Many say he sacrificed his own brother to further his ambitions and keep the favor of his father, the pope. If Cesare did not actually plot the murder, he certainly benefited from his brother’s mysterious death. His father, Pope Alexander, turned to Cesar for help in his political plots. In 1498 the French king Louis XII sought an annulment of his marriage to Jeanne of France. The pope granted this for his own purposes and entrusted Cesare with the delivery of the document. As a reward, Louis granted Cesare the duchy of Valentinois and promised military help if he needed it.

At the age of 23, Cesare planned to establish a new kingdom in central Italy and through treachery and scheming almost achieved his aim. As a soldier he was without mercy and could rely on the pope’s support. However with Pope Alexander’s death came Cesare’s day of reckoning. His many enemies seized the opportunity to capture him and put him in prison. After two years he escaped to the court of Navarre. He was killed in battle while besieging the castle of Viana.

Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) was used as a tool in the political scheming of her father and brother. She was forced into four political marriages, two ended by decrees of the pope and one by murder. Lucrezia has been accused of cruelty and brutal crimes but there is little proof of these charges. Whether of not her early life was blameworthy, after her marriage to the Duke of Ferrara she established a better reputation. She became a patron of the arts and encouraged many of the great names of Italian painting and literature.

Francisco de Borja (1510-1572) was a great-grandson of Alexander. Born and educated in Spain, he held important post there but on his wife’s death entered the Society of Jesus. He was ordained a priest in 1551 and for the rest of his life was engaged in missionary work and in strengthening the Jesuits, whose general, or head, he became in 1565. He was canonized–that is, proclaimed a saint–in 1671, and is usually known as St. Francis Borgia.

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Amazon’s Story

Amazon.com has come a long way–from bathroom items to cloud storage, they are one of the most versatile dot com companies in the world, offering a wide range of products and services that redefined the world of e-commerce. But have you wondered why Amazon is an appropriate name?

amazon

The Amazon is a river in South America, one of the greatest rivers in the world. It’s about 3,900 miles long. The Nile in Africa, and the Missouri and Mississippi rivers together, in the United States, are slightly longer than the Amazon.

The Amazon, however, has more water in it than any other river in the world. It flows from the Andes Mountains, in Peru, all the way across Brazil to the Atlantic Ocean. Along the way, seven-teen other large rivers empty into the Amazon. At its Atlantic mouth, the Amazon is 150 miles wide. Ocean liners can go 1,000 miles upstream, and for smaller ships the main stream is navigable to the foothills of the Andes. Through most of its length, the Amazon runs through some of the wildest jungles on the face of the earth. In these jungles there are still wild tribes of Indians. The jungles of the Amazon are called rain forests. It is always very damp and hot there. Most of the Indian villages are near the banks of the great river itself.

The Indians who live in the jungle wear very little clothing, and their homes are crude, thatched shelters. They travel mostly by river in dugout canoes. It is almost impossible to travel far in the dense jungle. The Indians use big knives to cut their way through the undergrowth. The Amazon is teeming with life. Big and little fish of all kinds swim in its waters. The jungles are noisy with the cries of animals and birds. The Indians are fishers and hunters. Life is full of danger for them. They must be careful when they go fishing because there are many alligators in the Amazon. There are fierce jaguars and cougars in the jungle.

There is danger from other Indians, too. Some of them used to be cannibals and headhunters. In the headhunting tribes, a warrior was judged by the number of heads he had taken. These Indians shrank the heads and kept them. Many strange animals live in the Amazon jungle. The capybara is the largest rodent in the world. The coati is related to the raccoon, but has a longer nose. The tapir is a hoofed animal about the size of a large dog. The sloth spends its life hanging upside down from a jungle tree. The armadillo has a hard shell and looks like a baby tank. Anteaters use their long, sticky tongues to gather their food. Many kinds of monkeys swing through the jungle trees. Colorful birds fly through the air. There are parrots and macaws and toucans. The Indians use blowguns to catch animals and birds. Some of the darts shot from the blowguns are poison-tipped. The Amazon region produces tapioca from the cassava tree that grows in the jungle, mahogany for furniture, indigo for dyes, sarsaparilla for flavoring, and quinine, a drug used to combat malaria. Much coffee is grown in the Amazon basin. The first person to navigate the full length of the Amazon was the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana, in 1540 and 1541.

The early Greek story-tellers told of a nation of women warriors called Amazons. These legendary women were sup-posed to have lived in a country on the Mediterranean Sea. They did not permit any men in their nation. The Amazons were strong and swift. They fought in battle against the men of other nations. Once each year, the Amazons visited an-other country. The men in this country became the fathers of the Amazon children. The boy children were not kept by the Amazons. Some stories say they were put to death; others, that they were sent back to their fathers. The girl children were brought up and trained to become Amazons themselves.

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More on Minecraft

Minecraft attracts gamers who are enthusiastic to play games online, especially after the rise in popularity of the “Let’s Play” videos. Young gamers who are addicted to multiplayer games are often excited to see what other players are doing and try to copy them or become better. Many like to see what kind of mods, and maps other players use. This game is available free for all operating systems, and you can download this superb action packed game from many reliable sources if you do a quick search.  If you did it right, you won’t have to spend a single dollar to play online.

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Another thing that makes the game appealing is its child friendly graphics. Children are overwhelmed to see gigantic monsters in a blocky, digital format. They roam in the world of mysticism, and frankly speaking, children become brave and bold by participating into an adventurous expedition. In this way, novice online multiplayer gamers can watch free online demos of the game before entering into the battlefield. Only then will they understand why people play Minecraft.

Different Modes

Minecraft, the wonderful sandbox online game, has two different modes to enable gamers to face the real challenge. All monsters, zombies, and dangerous skeletons are powerful. Their fiery eye balls burn people who need to find alternative ways to retaliate or escape from the battlefield.  This virtual game gives unlimited charm, adventure, thrill and excitement to turbo charge gamers. They should be cunning, swift, and intelligent in order to terminate evil spirits.

In creative mode, the player has permission to use an infinite amount of blocks. He has no obligation to invite his comrades to plot together against Endermen and other dangerous foes. However, the survival mode is the important phase for you to mine different valuable materials like gold, copper coins, coal and chop down large trees to build up new buildings to defend against monsters. There are many risks for gamers to reach their destinations, including large bodies of water, cliffs, lava, and you name it. They should be able to defend themselves alone with a sword and some armor. One must not backtrack in fear, otherwise no progress will be made. Therefore, they must be equipped with lots of razor sharp weapons (which can be enchanted for more sharpness!) and user-friendly devices to overtake the Catch 22 situation in the long run.

Survival mode is the ideal option for players who like to jump right into the game to see what it has to offer. A fun aspect of the game is to collect resources to craft tools, upgrade items, and build things. For instance, they can easily craft grip-safe shovels, axes, picks and rapiers. Metals, stone slabs and logs are easily made within the crafting table. The crafting system allows you to make all the important tools and weapons to help you survive.

Play Minecraft Free

Minecraft is really free for you, and anyone who has the interest to play this eye-catching multiplayer game should download and play the demo. By visiting the official website for Minecraft, gamers install this game through an easy downloading process. Simple steps to download and run this ultra-modern online game inspire newcomers to visit the dependable site for fulfilling their dream. A gamer is required to do online registration to be able to login and play.

To play the full version without a time restraint, you can find other versions. The game downloading process is very fast, but gamers need to do a little research before downloading this game free. They should not choose any unreliable gaming websites, as online spam and viruses are very dangerous things that can be highly frustrating. Often times it results in financial and personal information loss.

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Explore Your Creative Side in Minecraft

minecraft tree axe

Minecraft is one of the most popular games played throughout the world.  This game can be played as a solo and also can be played in multiplayer mode. The game is all about placing blocks to build structures or things and then proceed on adventure. The game was created by a Swedish programmer named Marcus Persson in the year 2011 and involves collection of resources, mounting, struggling, and fights. This game involves 3D objects like cubes to be arranged in grid.

There are several versions of the game such as Classic, demo, regular, and free. The Classic version is generally played by solo player which is like the beta game while regular version is the most successive and innovative version than class which involves multi-players and more.

Minecraft online has become the most enjoyable game and is applauded by millions of people throughout the world. If you are a newbie to this game then you need to play the game more to understand it better and it’s not that difficult to get started. The new players should have a look on the controls in order to place the blocks and also hold the resources to hide during the nights. Oftentimes you will come across many obstructions such ass hills, oceans, holes, etc. and you will also get tired and require some energy by eating food. For this purpose you can hunt some non-hostile animals like pigs, cows, and chickens.

Once you start the game it starts gaining momentum with more and more of your friends joining the game. In the excitement you won’t notice the time flying by and will have a lot of fun seeing what the game has to offer. At times the game also gets disturbed which makes the player quite annoyed in the middle of the game. This usually happens when you are playing on a free server. However, it is not the case if you have a paid server that offers great stability and improved performance, allowing you to play the game without any disturbances.

The game is rewarding and creative at the same time.  It can be played online on a web browser free of cost.Minecraft is one of those games that changed the world, and any gamer should definitely consider trying out this fantastic game. It doesn’t matter what system you own as its available on PC, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Android, iOS, and soon PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, and Xbox One (and possibly the Wii U)! You can explore your creative side and build your own world no matter where you go with the Pocket Edition.

If you are looking out for an adventurous game then Minecraft would be the right choice. You can craft, create and do virtually anything.

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What Makes Sony’s Playstation 4 Different?

Between Wii U, Xbox One and all the other gaming systems, why is Playstation 4 considered to be so different? There are superficial things you can point to such as the game libraries and the accessories offered, but even some of the games featured on the PS4 are available on other systems, like Watchdog. So why choose a system that doesn’t seem to have all the bells and whistles that the others offer?

It could be because you take your gaming seriously and you want the system with the best track record of delivering a hardware platform with an OS that can handle the kind of power and delivery a serious gamer expects. All of this comes from decisions Sony made when it came time to set up the design structure for the PlayStation series. Gaming is such an established industry now that just saying that a game was created by someone associated with a title hit design is enough to get pre-orders placed. With the gaming systems, all of the companies keep jockeying to find the marketing tagline to prove that how they did the design of the hardware and operating platform will deliver better performance.

Excellent Hardware

playstation 4 hardware parts

The PS4 is the only one that looked backwards to move forwards. While other platforms grabbed gamers to help design their console and power support system, Sony was smart enough to realize it isn’t the gamers and the front end designers that know what makes a gaming system capable of supporting fast play – it’s the engineers who assemble the hardware. This console is the latest generation to come out of the design team at Sony that features software and hardware engineers working side by side with gamers and front end programmers. The result is a streamline, dedicated gaming platform with no time for frills and distractions. Gamers have responded by making the PlayStation series one of the most popular home entertainment gaming systems ever released.

It will most likely go through several years of upgrades before it has maxed out its current technical specifications. The next generation of PlayStation (which is already in development) is looking towards integrating more intuitive control systems. Sony puts a limit onto how much they will patch onto a core system before releasing a newly engineered design. This keeps their machines responsive. There are only so many patches that a game console can process before the upgrades start interfering with the core processing.

Awesome Games

There are over 75 new games and updated versions of known games being designed for the PS 4 that are scheduled for release throughout 2014 and 2015. They have some of the most prominent third party developers working to expand the game option in the PS4 library. You will find all the old standards like Madden, but you will also find Watchdog, Diablo III, Plants vs Zombies and Metro rolling out new versions. There are exciting new games like Infamous and Natural Doctrine coming out too.

You can read a great review for the PS4 at Polygon.

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The Imaginary World of Minecraft

minecraft game

One of the best-selling video games, Minecraft, has conquered the hearts of millions of people and is now even taught about in schools. It is an open ended game in whichcreation and survival are its main focus. There have been many tales where a player didn’t eat or sleep properly because of the game’s addicting nature. Anyway, when you first play the game, you will be put in a random world where you can explore and survive against the hostile monsters and hunger in a world shaped by you. You will be in a free world of your own, building virtually anything imaginable, including parks, landscapes, forests, buildings, and more.  You can also tear it all down whenever you feel like it. The game has much more to offer other than just architecture because of the game’s huge maps and modding community.

Survival and Creative Modes

In survival mode, the game begins with players looking out over an infinitely large area filled with hills, trees, lakes, animals, and different strange entities. There are no specific goals for the players, but there is an end scene by killing the Enderdragon. The basic rule of Minecraft is that you have to work for your survival. In a hostile landscape you have to build a shelter and maintain a steady food source. For building a shelter you have to collect the materials and for gathering materials faster you need to craft tools. With the available resources you can build axes, swords, armor, bricks, furnaces, boats, carts, and many more items. Creating usable materials from available resources will give you enormous satisfaction because it’s like creating something personal.

The greatness of Minecraft is its flexibility and freedom you can enjoy. As per your imagination, you can concentrate on farming, animal husbandry, monster slaying, magic and enchantment or the amazing electro-mechanical devices.  It will be interesting when you and your friends start playing together on same network. The survival mode of play requires players to attain resources and maintain their health and hunger. In the creative mode, the players have an unlimited supply of resources and experience, and have the ability to fly.

Why is Minecraft so Popular?

Within a few years of its release, Minecraft has received the best downloadable game award and rose in popularity like no other game. In fact, many people have searched for sites like minecraftforfreex.com after Notch tweeted that people should pirate his game if they cannot afford it. The hardware requirement is also very flexible, which allows millions of gamers to play across multiple platforms. The game only requires a minimum of 1 GB of RAM, a dedicated video card, a 1.8 GHz CPU and Java. It runs on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Raspberry Pi, iOS, Android, and soon to be included for Xbox One, PlayStation 4, and PlayStation Vita! If you have never experienced playing this amazing game, start the world and see if you can resist the call of its infinite possibilities.

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EA to Bring Digital Rentals onto Xbox One

Yesterday EA revealed that they will provide a new streaming service on the Xbox One. For just $4.99 a month, players can have access to all of EA’s games online. Dubbed “EA Access,” players will have access to the “Vault” which contains all of the company’s games.

Unfortunately we won’t know what games will be included right now. We do know the four they will have: Battlefield 4, Peggle 2, FIFA 14, and Madden NFL 25. Interestingly, EA gives a 10% discount for those who purchase their games through the Xbox One. Another perk is that subscribers will receive a 5 day preview of upcoming releases. This means you can get a sneak peek of a game before it even comes out. Currently, a beta is due soon, but EA has not yet set a date yet.

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